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INDEX for the Crawford family files
THOMAS CRAWFORD (m. 1738) of Haverhill, Hampstead and Bridgewater
Thomas Crawford was born "near the beginning of the eighteenth century". [Ref] He married Jane Johnston on 9 Mar 1737/8 in Haverhill. [Ref][Ref]
Thomas lived in Haverhill. In 1741 the boundary between Massachusetts and New Hampshire was changed and as a consequence his homestead in Haverhill was located in Hampstead. [Ref]
Thomas's name appears on a 1743 petition in Hampstead. [Ref] Thomas Crawford of Hampstead is on the 1756 muster roll of Capt. Abraham Perry's company in Col. Meserve's regiment in the Crown Point Expedition. [Ref][Ref] He served in Capt. Mooney's company in that regiment in the 1757 Crown Point Expedition and Capt. John Hazen's company in Col. Tash's regiment in the 1758 Crown Point Expedition. [Ref]
Thomas moved from Hampstead to New Chester (now Hill), New Hampshire in 1767 and bought land in the part of the town that later became Bridgewater. [Ref]
On 7 Apr 1768, Thomas Crawford of Hampstead purchased and settled on lot 8 in Bridgewater. [Ref]
Children of Thomas Crawford and Jane Johnston:
CAPT. JONATHAN CRAWFORD (b. abt 1746) of Chester and Bridgewater
Parents: Thomas Crawford and Jane Johnston [Ref]
Jonathan Crawford was born about 1746. [Ref] He married Mary Heath. Mary is often said to be the daughter of Nathaniel Heath and Sarah Stevens. This, however, does not seem obvious. Nathaniel and Sarah had a daughter Mary, born 15 Apr 1733 in Haverhill and too old to be Jonathan's wife. Even if this Mary died young, the Hampstead records (where Nathaniel and Sarah moved) do not show them having another daughter Mary.
In 1769 Jonathan Crawford of Chester settled on lots 11 and 12 in Bridgewater. [Ref] In 1788 Jonathan was on a tax list in Bridgewater. [Ref] In 1790 the town voted to build pounds and one was to be at Capt. Jonathan Crawford's. [Ref]
On 22 Mar 1774, Jonathan was chosen surveyor of highways in New Chester. [Ref]
Jonathan Crawford, farmer, age 28, enlisted as a solder in the Revolutionary War on 11 Jul 1775. [Ref][Ref] He enlisted from New Chester and was on the muster role of Capt. Matthew Thornton's company on 24 Jul 1775. [Ref] Jonathan and his brother Thomas were on the payroll of Capt. James Osgood's company of Rangers, raised in New Hampshire, which joined the Continental Army in 1775. Jonathan served in the company from 10 Jul to 2 Dec 1775. [Ref] Jonathan was one of 18 men raised by Col. David Hobart of Plymouth, Grafton, New Hampshire out of his regiment to reinforce the Continental Army in New York on 16 Dec 1776. [Ref]
The town of New Chester was incorporated on 20 Nov 1778 in response to two petitions, one dated 24 Dec 1776 and one dated 13 Oct 1778. Jonathan signed both; his brother Thomas signed the first. [Ref] New Chester was later renamed "Hill".
Children of Jonathan Crawford and Mary Heath:
MARY CRAWFORD (1770 - prob. living 1830)
Parents: Capt. Jonathan Crawford [Ref, p. 189][Ref, p. 171] and Mary Heath
Mary Crawford was born on 12 Nov 1770. [Ref, p. 171][Ref, p. 189, gives only the year] She married first Nathaniel Cummings in May of 1788, 1789 or 1790. [Ref, p. 189, says 21 May 1788/9][Ref, p. 171, notes that there is disagreement over the date.] It was the first marriage recorded in Bridgewater. [Ref] She married second a widower with eight children named Cox and moved to Holderness. [Ref, p. 171]
In 1830 the widow Mary Cox was living in Holderness, Grafton, New Hampshire and headed a household with one woman 40 through 49 and seven people ranging in age from under five to between 20 and 30. [Ref]
Bouton, Nathaniel, The History of Concord: From its first grant in 1725, to the organization of the city government in 1853, with a history of the ancient Penacooks : the whole interspersed with numerous interesting incidents and anecdotes, down to the present period, 1855, embellished with maps, with portraits of distinguished citizens, and views of ancient and modern residences, Concord, NH, B.W. Sanborn, 1856.
Bureau of the Census, Fifth Census of the United States, 1830, Washington, DC, National Archives and Records Administration, 1830.
Child, Hamilton, Gazeteer of Grafton County, NH, 1709 - 1886, Syracuse, NY, H. Child, 1886.
Cummins, Albert Oren, Cummings Genealogy: Isaac Cummings, 1601-1677, of Ipswich in 1638 and some of his descendants, Montpelier, A.O. Cummins, 1904.
Little, George Thomas, Genealogical and Family History of the State of Maine, Lewis Historical Publishing Co., New York, 1909.
Massachusetts Vital Records to 1850. Online Database: NewEnglandAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2001-2007.
Mooar, George, The Cummings Memorial: A genealogical history of the descendants of Isaac Cummings, an early settler of Topsfield, Massachusetts, New York, B.F. Cummings, 1903.
Musgrove, Richard W., History of the Town of Bristol, Grafton County, New Hampshire, Bristol, NH, R. W. Musgrove, 1904.
No author, History of Merrimack and Belknap Counties, New Hampshire, Philadelphia: J.W. Lewis & Co., 1885.
No Author, Revolutionary War Rolls, www.fold3.com.
No author, Revolutionary War Service Records, www.fold3.com.
Noyes, Harriette E., Memorial History of Hampstead, uknown, 1899, unknown.