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INDEX to the Harding files
JOSEPH HARDING (d. by 1633) of Plymouth Colony
Joseph Harding married a woman named Martha, who is thought to be Martha Doane.
Martha Harding died intestate. Inventory on her estate was taken on 8 Oct 1633 and presented on 28 Oct 1633 in court at Plymouth by James Hurst and John Doane. Her estate amounted to £20.18.06 and she had debts of £20.00.00. John Doane was the executor. She left a son in the custody of John Doane. [Ref][Ref, 1;82-83] Disbursements were made to two of her husband's brothers in England. [Ref]
Children of Joseph Harding Sr. and Martha Doane:
JOSEPH HARDING (b. 1624) of Eastham
Parents: Joseph Harding and Martha Doane [Ref, p. 73]
Joseph Harding was born in 1624. [Ref, p. 73] He married Bethiah Cook on 4 Apr 1660 in Eastham. [Ref, 6;646][Ref 9;315][Ref][Ref]
Josiah Cooke, Sr. of Eastham mentions his son Joseph Harding and his daughter Bethiah Harding in his will, dated 22 Sep 1673. He also mentions his grandsons Joseph, Josiah and Amaziah. [Ref]
Joseph was taken into John Doane's household after his mother's death. On 3 Jun 1652 he was complained of for "carrying an Indian's gun unto the smith to be mended in his uncle's name". [Ref] He took the oath of fidelity in 1657. [Ref, p. 184] He was a freeman in Eastham in 1664 [?]. [Ref, p. 208] He was fined 10 shillings for abusing the constable in Eastham in Mar 1671/2. [Ref, p. 136]
Joseph (or perhaps his son Joseph) and his sons Josiah and Amaziah were inhabitants of Eastham in 1695. [Ref, 6;42]
Joseph and Bethia's children lived in Eastham, Chatham and Truro. The Cape Cod History genealogy website has a nice map on its home page.
Children of Joseph Harding and Bethiah Cook:
AMAZIAH HARDING (1671-1734) of Eastham
Parents: Joseph Harding and Bethiah Cook [Ref, 7;13][Ref, 6;46]
photo: Istock photos
Amaziah Harding was born on 1 Nov 1671 in Eastham. [Ref, 7;13][Ref, 6;46][Ref] He died on 5 Jun 1734 in Barnstable. He married Hannah Rogers. [Ref][Ref, p. 6]
Hannah's father died intestate and years later Amaziah complained that the agreement over the division of his estate could not be binding because Hannah had been a minor at the time. In the 8 Jul 1704 settlement of the estate of Thomas Rogers of Eastham, Thomas's daughter Hannah is referred to as "Hannah now the wife of Amasiah Harding". [Ref, 11;179]
Amaziah's grandfather Josiah Cook left him land at Saconett in his will, dated 22 Sep 1673. [Ref]
Amaziah was an inhabitant of Eastham in 1695. [Ref]
Every family must have a black sheep. On 5 Jun 1734 Amaziah Harding was executed in Barnstable for the murder of his wife. [Ref]
On 18 July 1733, Amaziah Harding of Eastham beat his wife to death and attemped to argue that she had died of natural causes. [Ref]A female neighbour of Amaziah's, after being notified that his wife was dead, went to Amaziah's house. Finding bruises on Hannah's body, she refused to help bury her. A jury later concluded that Amaziah had murdered his wife. Amaziah said that he was glad that his wife was dead and that she had been a "plague to him". [Ref]
There is a transcription of Amaziah's will
on the Cape Cod History website. Amaziah Harding, husbandman of Eastham,
signed his will on 21 Apr 1734. He left his sons John, Nathan and Cornelius
and his daughter Elizabeth Fish equal shares in his homestead in Eastham
as well as all of his meadow and woodland in the town. John was to have
the improvement of Cornelius' part untill Cornelius was 21. Nathan was
to pay Amaziah's daughters Hannah Fish and Phebe Rogers five pounds each
out of his share within five years of Amaziah's decease. This was to be
all that these daughters would get from his estate. Amaziah left five
shillings each to Thomas and James, the sons of his son James and to Mary
and Elizabeth Clark, the daughters of his daughter Mary Clark. He left
his son John his right and interest in Windham, Connecticut if he could
make out any title as well as all the grain that John had or would plant
that spring upon his land in Eastham. After his debts were paid, he left
the remainder of his personal estate to his children John, Nathan, Cornelius
and Elizabeth Fish. John was to be his executor. The will was proved on
5 Jul 1734.
Children of Amaziah Harding and Hannah Rogers:
NATHAN HARDING (1711 - 1801) of Eastham, Middletown and Chatham
Parents: Amaziah Harding [Ref, 6;46][Ref, 3;180][Ref] and Hannah Rogers
Nathan Harding was born on 29 Oct 1711 [Ref] in Eastham. [Ref, 6;46][Ref, 3;180] He died on 27 Mar 1801 [Ref], probably in Chatham. [Ref, p. 237, in Easthampton] He married first Anna Brown after 8 Jan 1736/7 (int.) in Eastham. [Ref, 28;143] She died in Nov 1749 in Middletown. [Ref] Nathan married second Abigail West on 15 Nov 1750 [Ref] in Middletown. [Ref] Abigail was born about 1716. She died on 28 Sep 1785, age 69. [Ref, p. 114]
It is possible that Anna Brown is the daughter of William Brown and Ann Palmer, but there does not appear to be any evidence of this.
By an unrecorded 17 Apr 1739 deed, Jonathan Sparrow, yeoman of Eastham, and John, Nathan and Cornelius Harding, yeomen of Eastham, divided a meadow called Joining on the east side of the little Seakett River. [Ref 15;157-8]
Nathan Harding settled in Middle Haddam about 1740. [Ref]
In 1739 settlers from Eastham, led by Isaac Smith, went up the Connecticut River. Some settled in Middle Haddam parish, located between the neighbouring towns of Middletown and Haddam. This parish was originally part of Middletown. Nathan was probably part of this group. The births of his children between 1741 and 1762 are thus recorded in Middletown. In 1767 part of Middletown was set off as the town of Chatham. This explains why some of Nathan's children lived in Chatham. When Nathan died he was probably living in what was then Chatham. In 1915 Chatham was renamed East Hampton. So one could say that Nathan died either in (what was then) Chatham or in (what is now) East Hampton. There was another parish in Middletown that was called Easthampton because it was also founded by settlers from Eastham. It too was part of Middletown and later Chatham.
Children of Nathan Harding and Anna Brown:
Children of Nathan Harding and Abigail West:
NATHAN (NATHANIEL) HARDING (1746 - 1828) of Middletown, Chatham and Exeter, Otsego, New York
Parents: Nathan Harding and Anna [Ref][Ref] Brown [Ref]
Nathan (Nathaniel) Harding was born on 19 Dec 1746 in Middletown. [Ref]
He died on 29 Jul 1828, age 83, probably in Exeter and is buried in the Exeter
Center Cemetery. [Ref] He married Thankful Clark in 1768 in Middletown.
A "John Harding" of Middle Haddam [then in Chatham] married Thankfull Clark of Old Haddam on 14 Oct 1773 in the Third Church of Saybrook, Chester, Middlesex, Connecticut. [Ref] "John" is probably an error. This Thankful Clark was the daughter of Daniel and Deborah (Lewis) Clark of Haddam.
Nathan Harding was a member of the Third Church in Chatham on 10 Feb 1779. [Ref] In 1790 Nathaniel headed a household in Chatham with three free white males over 16, five free white males under 16 and four free white females. [Ref]
The part of Middletown that Nathan was born in became Chatham in 1767 and was renamed East Hampton in 1915.
Children of Nathan (Nathaniel) Harding and Thankful Clark:
NATHAN HARDING (1780 - 1867) of Chatham and Winfield
Parents: Nathan Harding and Thankful Clark [Ref]
Nathan Harding was born on 10 Jan 1780 in Middle Hampton [then in Chatham]. [Ref] He died on 18 Sep 1867 in West Winfield. [Ref] He married Philena Ann Clark [Ref][Ref] before about 1804. He lived in West Winfield, New York. [Ref]
In 1810 Nathan lived in Chatham, Middlesex, Connecticut. He headed a household consisting of one male 26-44 [Nathan], one female 16-25 [Philena], three males under ten [Joseph, Dennis, Abner] and one female under ten. [Philena]. [Ref]
Philena was a member of the Congregational Church in East Hampton on 3 Jun 1810. She was dismissed in 1814. [Ref, p. 126]
In 1840 Nathan Hardin lived in Winflield. He headed a household consisting of one male 60-69 [Nathan], one female 50-59 [Philena], one female 20-29 [probably Sarah], one female 15-19 [Elizabeth], one female 10-14 [Levantia], one male 10-14 [?] and one male 5-9 [?]. [Ref]
In 1850 Nathan was a 70-year-old farmer living in Winfield. He had real estate worth $2,000. With him lived his wife Philena, age 66, and his daughter Elizabeth, age 20 [!]. [Ref]
In 1860 Nathan was an 80-year-old farmer living in Winfield. He had an estate of $1,500 and real estate worth $2,000. With him lived his wife Philena, age 76, and daughter Elizabeth, age 38. [Ref]
On 2 Dec 1865, George H. Palmer went to visit his grandparents and found them both helpless; his grandfather did not recognise him. [Ref]
Photo: said to be Nathan Harding
Children of Nathan Harding and Philena Ann Clark:
AMANDA MALVINA HARDING (1810 - 1889)
Parents: Nathan Harding and Philena Ann Clark
Amanda Malvina Harding was born on 7 Nov 1810, [Ref] probably in Chatham. She was baptised on 27 Jan 1813 in the Congregational Church in East Hampton. [Ref, p. 101] She died on 1 Oct 1889 [Ref], probably in Monmouth, Warren, Illinois. She is buried next to her husband in section 9 of the Monmouth cemetery. [Ref] She married George Washington Palmer.
According to the 1860 census, Amanda was 47 in 1860 and born in New York [an error]. [Ref] According to the 1870 census, she was 56 in 1870 and born in Connecticut. [Ref] According to the 1880 census she was 67 in 1880 and born in Connecticut. [Ref]
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