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JOHN HOWLAND (b. 1627) m. Mary Lee
Priscilla Drew m.
LIEUT. NATHAN HOWLAND (1742 - 1831)
of Middleboro and Woodstock
INDEX TO THE HOWLAND FILES (incomplete)
HENRY HOWLAND (d. 1635) of Fenstanton
Henry Howland was buried on 19 May 1635 in Fenstanton. [Ref] He married Margaret Unknown. [Ref, p. 1]
Children of Henry Howland and Margaret Unknown:
JOHN HOWLAND of Plymouth
Parents: Henry Howland and Margaret Unknown [Ref, p. 1]
Photo of Jabez Howland's house in Plymouth
John Howland was born in Fenstanton. [Ref, p. 1] He died on 23 Feb 1672/3 in Plymouth. [Ref] He married Elizabeth Tilley. John and Elizabeth produced 88 grandchildren. [Ref]
John was from Fenstanton, Huntingdonshire. [Ref]
John Howland sailed on the Mayflower as a young indentured servant of John Carver. [Ref]
William Bradford [Ref, notes in parentheses by Morrison] writes of John's experience on the Mayflower:
In sundry of these storms the winds were so fierce and the seas so high, as they could not bear a knot of sail, but were forced to hull [lay-to under short sail and drift with the wind] for divers days together. And in one of them, as they thus lay at hull in a mighty storm, a lusty [lively, merry] young man called John Howland, coming upon some occasion above the gratings was, with a seele [roll, pitch] of the ship, thrown into sea; but it pleased God that he caught hold of the topsail halyards which hung overboard and ran out at length. Yet he held his hold (though he was sundry fathoms under water) till he was hauled up by the same rope to the brim of the water, and then with a boat hook and other means got into the ship again and his life saved. And though he was something ill with it, yet he lived many years after and became a profitable member both in church and commonwealth.
When John Carver, the Pilgrims' first governor, died in Apr 1621 John Howland became a free man. [Ref] John may also have inherited a portion of John Carver's estate. [Ref]
John received four lots on the south side of the brook to the woodward in the 1923 Plymouth land division. [Ref] John, his wife Elizabeth and his children John and Desire were in lot two of the 22 May 1627 Plymouth cattle division. [Ref]
The relations between the Plymouth colonists and the Adventurers became fraught as the colonists' indebtedness to the Adventurers grew. In 1627 eight leading men of Plymouth joined four Adventurers in London in undertaking responsibility for the repayment of the entire debt in return for certain monopolies granted to them by other colonists. These eight men, who along with the four Adventurers called Undertakers, included William Brewster, Edward Winslow, Miles Standish, William Bradford, John Howland, John Alden, Isaac Allerton and Thomas Prence. [Ref]
John was elected Plymouth Colony Assistant on 1 Jan 1631/2, 1 Jan 1633/4 and 1 Jan 1634/5. [Ref, p. 1]
On 2 Jan 1632/3 the General Court appointed John to a committee to assess taxes on the colonists, payable in grain or the equivalent. [Ref][Ref] He was again on the committee to set rates on 2 Jan 1633/4. The first year he was assessed relatively low taxes; the second year relatively high taxes. [Ref]
By the 1630s the Pilgrims had trading posts from the Connecticut River to Castine, Maine. John Alden and John Howland founded one in Maine on the Kennebec River at the site of the present day Augusta. [Ref]
Members of the Piscataqua plantation attempted to trade within Plymouth plantation and to block trade to Plymouth. In 1634 Thomas Prence described an event that happened that year at Kennebec. He said that on __ April, John Hocking of the Piscataqua plantation was at anchor within Plymouth limits. John Howland and some men from Plymouth went up to him in a bark and asked John Hocking to leave. Angry words were exchanged. John Howland asked three of his men, including Moses Talbot, to sever Hocking's anchor cable. Hocking came on deck with a carbine and a pistol and put a gun to Talbot's head. John Howland responded that he had ordered Moses to sever the cable and that he ought to be Hocking's target. Hocking then shot Talbot in the head and one of the other Plymouth men then shot and killed John Hocking. [Ref]
John is in the Plymouth section of the 1643 list of those between 16 and 60 able to bear arms in Plymouth Colony. [Ref]
John (or his son John) was one of the 26 men who purchased land for Middleboro from the Indian sachem Wampatuck in Mar 1662. [Ref] In 1664, land was laid out near Namasket (Middleboro) for Mr. John Howland. [Ref]
John wrote his will on 29 May 1672; it was deposed on 5 Mar 1672/3. [Ref] In it he mentions his wife Elizabeth; his eldest son John; his sons Jabez and Joseph; his daughters Desire Gorham, Hope Chipman, Elizabeth Dickenson, Lydia Brown, Hannah Bosworth and Ruth Cushman. [Ref].
Elizabeth wrote her will on 17 Dec 1686; [Ref] it was proved on 10 Jan 1687/8. [Ref, p. 2] She mentions her eldest son John Howland; her sons Joseph and Isaac Howland; her son-in-law Mr. James Browne; her daughers Lidia Browne, Elizabeth Dickenson, Hannah Bosworth; her grandchildren Elizabeth Bursley, Nathaniel Howland, James Browne, Jabez Browne, Dorothy Browne and Desire Cushman. [Ref, p. 2]
Children of John Howland and Elizabeth Tilley:
DESIRE HOWLAND (1624/5 - 1683)
Parents: John Howland and Elizabeth Tilley
Desire Howland was born in 1624 or 1625 in Plymouth. [Ref, p. 2] She died on 13 Oct 1683 in Barnstable. [Ref][Ref] She married Capt. John Gorham in 1643. [Ref]
JOHN HOWLAND (b. 1627)
Parents: John Howland and Elizabeth Tilley
John Howland was born on 24 Feb 1627 in Plymouth. [Ref: "Saw Lieut. Howland upon ye Rode, who tells us he was born Febr. 24, 1626 at our Plimouth."][Ref, p. 2] He married Mary Lee on 26 Oct 1651 in Plymouth. [Ref] Mary was the daughter of Robert Lee of Barnstable. [Ref] He is in the Plymouth section of the 1643 list of those between 16 and 60 able to bear arms in Plymouth Colony. [Ref] John Howland was on a list of those settlers admitted to inhabit Barnstable between 1662 and 1666. [Ref]
Children of John Howland and Mary Lee:
LIEUT. ISAAC HOWLAND (1649 - 1724) of Middleboro
Parents: John Howland and Elizabeth Tilley [Ref][Ref, p. 13]
Lieut. Isaac Howland was born on 15 Jan 1649 [Ref says 15 Nov] in Plymouth. [Ref] He died on 9 Mar 1723/4 [Ref] in Middleboro. [Ref, p. 13] He married Elizabeth Vaughan [Ref] about 1676. [Ref]
Isaac is called son-in-law in his father-in-law's will. [Ref]
Isaac was one of the 26 men who purchased land for Middleboro from the Indian sachem Wampatuck in Mar 1662. [Ref]
Isaac served under Benjamin Church in King Philip's War. [Ref] In Mar 1676 Francis Coombs and Isaac Howland were chosen to distribute the contributions made by the Irish for the relief of the colonists after King Philip's war to the residents of "Meddle Berrey". [Ref]
Isaac was surveyor of highways in 1672; constable in 1674; grand juryman in 1682; selectman in 1683, 1692, 1695-96 and 1700-3. [Ref] He was a representative to the General Court in 1689 and served five years and one later term. [Ref]
On 1 Nov 1684 the Plymouth Court granted Isaac the right to keep an ordinary at Middleberry. [Ref, p. 14]
Isaac signed his will on 6 Feb 1717/8; it was proved on 6 Apr 1724. He mentioned his wife Elizabeth; sons Seth, Isaac and Nathan; daughters Priscilla Bennett, Jael Southworth, Susannah Wood and Hannah Tinkham. [Ref, p. 15]
On 11 May 1724 Peter Bennett and his wife Priscilla, Nathaniel Southworth and his wife Jael and John Tinkham and his wife Hannah, all of Middleborough, sold their right in their father Isaac Howland's estate to their brother Seth Howland, except what was given to their mother. [Ref, p. 15]
In her 13 Oct 1725 will, Elizabeth Howland, the relict of Isaac, names sons Nathan and Seth; daughters Priscilla Bennett, Jael Southworth and Hannah Tinkham. [Ref, p. 15]
Children of Isaac Howland and Elizabeth Vaughan:
LYDIA HOWLAND (abt 1665 - 1717)
Parents: John Howland and Mary Lee
Lydia Howland was born about 1665. She died on 6 Jul 1717, age 52, and is buried in the Green Cemetery in Middleboro. [Ref] She married Jeremiah Thomas in 1684.
She joined the First Church of Christ in Middleboro on 17 Jul 1715 as member 64. [Ref]
PRISCILLA HOWLAND (1681 - 1746)
Parents: Lieut. Isaac Howland and Elizabeth Vaughn [Ref, p. 16]
Priscilla Howland was born on 22 Aug 1681 in Middleboro. [Ref][Ref][Ref, p. 16] She died on 3 Mar 1746 in Middleboro. [Ref][Ref, p. 53] She is buried in the Green Cemetery in Middleboro. [Ref] She married Capt. Peter Bennett on 30 Oct 1700. [Ref][Ref, p. 53, says 20 Oct.]
Peter and Priscilla were fined on 16 Sep 1701; their first child was born five months after their marriage. [Ref]
On 1 Jan 1749, an administrator was appointed for her estate. [Ref] Inventory amounted to £650. [Ref]
NATHAN HOWLAND (b. 1687) of Middleboro
Parents: Lieut. Isaac Howland and Elizabeth Vaughan. [Ref, p. 16]
Nathan Howland was born on 17 Jan 1687 in Middleboro. [Ref][Ref][Ref says 13 Oct][Ref, p. 16] He died before Jul 1759. [Ref, p. 55] He married Frances Coombs [Ref] between 5 May 1711 and 2 Feb 1712. [Ref, p. 55]
At the Jun 1722 session of the Plymouth Court, Nathan Howland of Middleboro was fined five shillings for "Cursing and Swearing the Sixth Day of March last in the Evening in the House of Mr. Thomas." [Ref] At the Sep 1722 Court, Nathan Howland and William Thomas II, both labourers of Middleboro were fined for being in a tavern late at night. [Ref] In Sep 1723 John Fuller of Middleborough, yeoman, sued Nathan Howland of Middleborough, yeoman, saying that Nathan, acting as "Clerk of the Bond" unlawfully attached his coat and a pewter platter. [Ref, p. 55] In Dec 1724 Thomas Holloway of Plympton was fined for assaulting Nathan. [Ref, p. 55] At the Jun 1725 session of the Plymouth Court, Nathan Howland of Middleboro was presented for absence from worship. The Rev. Mr. Thatcher said that Nathan was sick and unable to appear; Joseph Cobb of Middleboro said that Nathan had been ill. [Ref] Nathan was regularly sued for debts. [Ref] At the common pleas court in Jun 1728 Nathan was presented for not paying the mortgage on property in Middleboro that he bought for 40 pounds in 1716. He was told to pay within two months or the property would be forfeit. [Ref] By 1728 Nathan is described as a husbandman or yeoman. [Ref]
On 20 May 1724 Nathan Howland of Middleboro sold all of his right in his father's estate to his brother Seth Howland of Middleboro. [Ref, p. 55]
On Jul 1759, Frances Howland, widow, sued David Miller. [Ref]
Children of Nathan Howland and Frances Coombs:
SETH HOWLAND (1715 - bef. 1759) of Middleboro
Parents: Nathan Howland and Frances Coombs [Ref, p. 57]
Seth Howland was born on 1 Jan 1714/5 [Ref] in Middleboro. [Ref][Ref, p. 219] He died before 3 Apr 1759, when James Cobb of Middleboro was appointed guardian of Nathan Howland, son of Seth Howland, deceased. [Ref, p. 219] Seth of Middleboro married Lydia Cobb of Middleboro on 25 Jan 1738/9 in Middleboro. [Ref][Ref][Ref, p. 219] Lydia was his second cousin once removed.
On 15 May 1736 Seth Howland of Middleboro, husbandman, sold to Elkanah Leonard of Middleboro a dwelling house and 50 acres that was part of the homestead of his grandfather Lieut. Isaac Howland, which Isaac had sold to Seth's father Nathan Howland. [Ref, p. 219]
Children of Seth Howland and Lydia Cobb:
LIEUT. NATHAN HOWLAND (1742 - 1831) of Middleboro and Woodstock
Parents: Seth Howland and Lydia Cobb [Ref, p. 220]
Nathan Howland was born on 27 Feb 1741/2 [Ref] in Middleboro. [Ref][Ref, p. 220] He died on 21 Jun 1831. [Ref][Ref] He is buried in the Cushing Cemetery in Woodstock. The inscription on his grave says that he was 90 years old. [Ref] He married his second cousin Priscilla Drew [Ref][Ref, p. 220] on 13 Apr 1765 in Middleboro. [Ref]
When Nathan was 16 he enlisted in the last French war and served 18 months in Nova Scotia and Halifax and 18 months at Crown Point. [Ref]
Nathan moved to Woodstock in the spring of 1774. [Ref] He bought a farm lying on the north side of Beaver Brook from Daniel Waldo and built a log house with three appartments. [Ref] He helped to clear the foot of Mount Tom in about 1776. [Ref]
Nathan was commissioned ensign by the Provincial Congress of the Colony of New York on 22 May 1776. [Ref] He was in the Burgoyne campaign. [Ref] Gov. Chittenden of Vermont commissioned him lieutenant of the military company for Woodstock in the third regiment of militia in 1778. [Ref] There is a D. A. R. marker on his grave. [Ref]
Nathan built his house with seven gables on the flat in 1780; it stood until 1850. [Ref] A few years later he turned the house over to his only child, Seth. [Ref]
Nathan was a selectman in Woodstock in 1778, 1792 and 1793. [Ref] In 1790 Nathan was the head of a household in Woodstock with one male over 16, one male under sixteen and two females. [Ref]
Children of Nathan Howland and Priscilla Drew:
SETH HOWLAND (1765 - 1814) of Woodstock
Parents: Lieut. Nathan Howland and Priscilla Drew [Ref, p. 76]
Seth Howland was born on 19 Oct 1765 [Ref][Ref, p. 76] in Middleboro, Plymouth, Massachusetts. [Ref] He died on 2 Jan 1814. [Ref][Ref, p. 87][Ref, p. 76] He is buried in the Cushing Cemetery in Woodstock. The inscription on his grave says that he was 48 years old. [Ref] He married Harriet Emmons. [Ref, p. 76]
Seth came to Woodstock with his parents. [Ref, p. 76]
In 1790 Seth was the head of a household in Woodstock with one male over sixteen
and one female. [Ref] In 1810 Seth was
the head of a household in Woodstock with one male and one female 26 to 44,
one female 16 to 25, two males and one female 10 to 15, and one male and three
females under ten. [Ref]
Children of Seth Howland and Harriet Emmons:
LYDIA COBB HOWLAND (1796 - 1874)
Parents: Seth Howland and Harriet Emmons [birth certificate][Ref, p. 14]
Lydia Cobb Howland was born on 28 Jun 1796 [Ref, 22 Jun 1795] in Woodstock, Windsor, Vermont. [birth certificate][Ref, p. 14, 22 Jun 1795-6] She died on 15 Jul 1874 [Ref, 13 Jul] in Barnard, Windsor, Vermont. [death certificate] Newton [Ref, p. 14] notes that her gravestone says that she died at age 78 and that the town records say age 77 - 0 - 15, neither of which agrees perfectly with her birthdate. She married Warren Aikens on 15 Oct 1822. [Ref][Ref][Ref, p. 14]
Lydia and her husband share a gravestone. There is a photo of it with her husband's entry; it says that she died on 13 Jul 1874, age 78.
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